Home

Tokugawa Japan

The Tokugawa shogunate (/ ˌ t ɒ k uː ˈ ɡ ɑː w ə /, Japanese 徳川幕府 Tokugawa bakufu), also known as the Edo shogunate (江戸幕府, Edo bakufu), was the feudal military government of Japan during the Edo period from 1603 to 1868.. The Tokugawa shogunate was established by Tokugawa Ieyasu after victory at the Battle of Sekigahara, ending the civil wars of the Sengoku period. The Tokugawa period is regarded as the final period of Japanese traditional government (the shogunate), preceding the onset of Japanese westernization. One of the primary goals of the Tokugawa shogunate was to keep Christianity away from Japan, and the 300,000 Japanese Christians were heavily persecuted. Confucianism was the promoted religion

Tokugawa shogunate - Wikipedi

Tokugawa period had a very dynamic economic growth and the centre of this growth was the merchant class. Though the Merchant was the lowest among all the social class but they held great economic power. This merchant was also played an important role in the Meiji restoration Tokugawa Ieyasu (徳川 家康, på klassisk japanska i hiragana även とくがわ ゑやす), egentligen Matsudaira Takechiyo och även känd som Matsudaira Motoyasu, född 31 januari 1543 i Okazaki i Aichi prefektur, död 1 juni 1616 i Sumpu [2] i Shizuoka prefektur, var en japansk shogun och usurpator.. Tokugawa var en daimyo från Kanto-regionen i östra Japan The Tokugawa Period set many foundations for Japanese culture, including those in religion and art. Under the feudal system, warlords and samurai were also supposed to be intellectuals and poets. About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features Press Copyright Contact us Creators. Tokugawa Japan Under the rule of the Tokugawa shoguns (1600-1868), Japan enjoys a 250-year period of peace and order. Dramatic changes take place within this ordered society, however, particularly those of commercial development, the rise of a merchant class, the growth of cities and of a new urban culture

Tokugawa period Definition & Facts Britannic

Tokugawa Period and Meiji Restoration - HISTOR

Robert Oxnam :: Tokugawa Japan brought a huge expansion of economic activity, not unlike the rapid developments in China during the Song, Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties. Of special note in Tokugawa Japan were the spread of a money economy, tremendous growth of cities like Osaka and Edo (later Tokyo), an upsurge in a merchant class, and increased productivity and commercialization of the. Hitta perfekta Tokugawa bilder och redaktionellt nyhetsbildmaterial hos Getty Images. Välj mellan premium Tokugawa av högsta kvalitet Buddhist temples and Shinto shrines were the most beloved buildings to the Japanese in the Tokugawa period. Their structure was said to convey a message of simplicity and purity, which was very important. The Japanese believed that in order to be closer to the spiritual realm, De Tokugawa clan (徳川氏、, , Tokugawa-shi) staat vooral bekend als heersend shogunaat tijdens de edoperiode of Tokugawa-Periode. Tijdens deze periode kende Japan relatieve vrede en stabiliteit maar voerde de Tokugawa ook een isolationistisch beleid waardoor Japan grotendeels afgezonderd werd van de buitenwereld

Tokugawa Shogunate Economy. Meiji Restoration, in Japanese history, the political revolution in 1868 that brought about the final demise of the Tokugawa shogunate (military government)--thus ending the Edo (Tokugawa) period (1603-1867)--and, at least nominally, returned control of the country to direct imperial rule under Mutsuhito (the emperor Meiji) Introduction. Tokugawa Japan (1603-1868) is one of the more remarkable periods in Japan's storied past. For more than two-and-a-half centuries, Japan enjoyed peace and a steady advance in economic and technological spheres Tokugawa Japan Steakhouse,Sushi &Bar October 18, 2020 · We are open in Thanksgiving Day for our heroes who still working to keep our community safe and health,and our elders who can not cook when families visit them.We will get through this year. 2021 will be a great year. Call us to make a reservation now

Tokugawa - Wikipedi

  1. Tokugawa Japan Steakhouse ,Sushi &Bar October 18, 2020 · We are open in Thanksgiving Day for our heroes who still working to keep our community safe and health,and our elders who can not cook when families visit them.We will get through this year. 2021 will be a great year
  2. Tokugawa Ieyasu's dynasty of shoguns presided over 250 years of peace and prosperity in Japan, including the rise of a new merchant class and increasing urbanization. To guard against external influence, they also worked to close off Japanese society from Westernizing influences, particularly Christianity
  3. By 1840, the Tokugawa family had maintained its political and economic supremacy over all of Japan for a little less than 250 years. The leader of this clan was the shogun (Jp. shōgun) or more formally the sei-i tai-shōgun, supreme commander for the pacification of barbarians, who was declared to be the most powerful leader in Japan
  4. The Tokugawa (徳川) clan was a family of shogun ruling Japan from 1600 to 1867. They hail from the village and the clan of the Matsudaira (松平) in Mikawa Province (present-day Aichi Prefecture). The Matsudaira themselves claimed descendance from the powerful Minamoto (源) clan by the Nitta (新田) clan
  5. Tokugawa Yoshinobu ofta kallad Keiki därför att den läsningen av hans komplicerade namntecken är enklare att komma ihåg, föddes i Edo 1837, men han tillhörde inte huvudhuset alltså den blodlinje som gick direkt ner från dynastins grundare Ieyasu.Han var son till Tokugawa Nariaki och tillhörde därför det som kallas gosanke eller en av de tre hus som kunde komma ifråga som.

Overview of the Tokugawa Shogunate of Japa

The late Tokugawa period in Japan is often identified by much social and cultural tension amongst samurai and other classes, due to conflicting traditionalist and modernist ideals of the time. The transition into the Meiji period, which is accepted as the beginning of Japan's modern state, was a direct cause of the national and international tensions and influences of the late Tokugawa period The Tokugawa political system was perhaps the most complex feudal system ever developed. It was similar to the European feudal system (pope, emperor or king, feudal barons, and retainers in Europe compared to emperor, the shogun, the daimyo, and samurai retainers in Japan), but it was also very bureaucratic, an attribute not associated with European feudalism

Tokugawa japan ppt [1] 1. TokugawaJapan EAST ASIAN EARLY MODERN HISTORY. 2. Map of east Asia. 3. Japan Background lasted from 1603 to 1867. Focused on establishing social- political order, and international affairs. Japans Tokugawa During the Tokugawa Period (1600-1868) in Japan, the word ukiyo came to describe the lifestyle of meaningless pleasure-seeking and ennui that typified life for many people in the cities, particularly Edo (Tokyo), Kyoto, and Osaka. The epicenter of ukiyo was in the Yoshiwara district of Edo, which was the licensed red-light district Tokugawa political economy: daimyo and shogun These developments were inseparable from the political economy of Japan. The system of confederation government introduced at the end of the fifteenth century placed certain powers in the hands of feudal warlords, daimyo, and certain powers in the hands of the shogun, the most powerful of the warlords

Archipelago 4 major islands over 6,000 smaller islands Lies on fault lines over 1,500 volcanoes earthquakes are commo The Tokugawa Shogunate, which is sometimes also known as the Edo Period, was the last medieval government in Japan, just before the modernization of the Meiji Restoration. The Tokugawa Shogunate, also known as the Edo Period, was a time of much peace and cultural growth in Japan from 1603 to 1867

Januar 1543 in der Burg Okazaki; † 1. Juni 1616 in Sumpu (heute: Shizuoka)) war der Begründer des Tokugawa-Shogunats in Japan und gilt nach Oda Nobunaga und Toyotomi Hideyoshi als der Dritte der Drei Reichseiniger des feudalen Japans Tokugawa ( plural Tokugawas ) A surname . Any of a family of shoguns that ruled Japan in the 17th to 19th centuries Tokugawa Ieyasu was the most powerful man in Japan after Hideyoshi had died in 1598. Against his promises he did not respect Hideyoshi's successor Hideyori because he wanted to become the absolute ruler of Japan. In the battle of Sekigahara in 1600, Ieyasu defeated the Hideyori loyalists and other Western rivals Toshogu Shrine (東照宮, Tōshōgū) is the final resting place of Tokugawa Ieyasu, the founder of the Tokugawa Shogunate that ruled Japan for over 250 years until 1868.Ieyasu is enshrined at Toshogu as the deity Tosho Daigongen, Great Deity of the East Shining Light

Historically considered the most stable and peaceful period in Japanese history, the Tokugawa Period—also known as the Edo Period, after the city in which the shōgun had his capital—began with Ieyasu's victory over Hideyoshi's forces at the Battle of Sekigahara, and the consolidation of political power around the Tokugawa clan and its daimyō allies in Japan's east, on th In Japan's self-imposed isolation, traditions of the past were revived and refined, and ultimately parodied and transformed in the flourishing urban societies of Kyoto and Edo. Restricted trade with Chinese and Dutch merchants was permitted in Nagasaki, and it spurred development of Japanese porcelain and provided an opening for Ming literati culture to filter into artistic circles of Kyoto.

Top museum of samurai art and culture The Tokugawa Art Museum houses an extensive, and perhaps unrivaled, collection of samurai artifacts from the most senior of the three sub-branches of the house of the Tokugawa shogunate. It is a must for those with an interest in Japan's vast, storied history Tokugawa Japan has an enormous volume of surviving documentation and a sophisticated historiography. Accurate territorial maps that go beyond small regions and individual years, however, have remained elusive. Near-comprehensive shogunal surveys of feudal ownership exist for two moments in time, 1664 and ca. 1868

Edo period - Wikipedi

Tokugawa Shogunate ~Feudal regime of Japan established by Tokugawa Ieysau and ruled by the shoguns of the Tokugawa family ~This period is known as the EDO period and gets its name from the capital city, Edo, which is now called Toky Tokugawa Japan was an agrarian Confucian bureaucracy. Samurai, warriors who had been rural elites, moved into the cities and were expected to read and be influenced by the Confucian classics Japan Table of Contents. The Tokugawa did not eventually collapse simply because of intrinsic failures. Foreign intrusions helped to precipitate a complex political struggle between the bakufu and a coalition of its critics. The continuity of the anti-bakufu movement in the mid-nineteenth century would finally bring down the Tokugawa Historically, after much struggle, Tokugawa Ieyasu did become the seii taishogun, the great general who subdues the barbarians and the ruler of Japan with the emperor as a figurehead. The Tokugawa clan kept control of Japan for over 200 years, shutting the country off from pernicious outside influences The Tokugawa Shogunates had difficulty uniting Japan under one religion. Japan rather then forcing people to one religion, they pushed for better trade Tokugawa Japan Vs European Christians Christianity was never a major religious group in Tokugawa Japan until the 17th century

Japan - The fall of the Tokugawa Britannic

Tokugawa Ieyasu, one of the most significant leader figures in the history of Japan, became the fist shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate in 1603 following the Battle of Sekigahara victory. Prior to becoming the shogun, Tokugawa Ieyasu was a daimyo, servingOda Nobunaga, and had taken part in a number of significant civil wars including; Battle of Okehazama, Battle of Azukizaka and Battle of Anegawa Tokugawa Ieyasu is by far Japan's most famous shogun. He began his life as a samurai hostage but quickly proved his strengths in battle and rose rapidly. The shoguns of Japan were some of the greatest warriors ever and none define this more than Tokugawa Ieyasu, who founded the illustrious and long Tokugawa Shogunate Tokugawa Shogunate 1600-1868: Japan under the rule of Tokugawa Ieyasu Christianity was outlawed and trade with foreigners. As a result, Japan was cut off from the outside world for over 200 years. Geography: Japan is a small country formed by an archipelago (a chain of islands) which helped to keep it isolated from outside influences

Sho | Japanese | Early Tokugawa period | The Met

Ieyasu Tokugawa (德川 家康 Tokugawa Ieyasu?, n. 31 ianuarie 1543, Okazaki Castle ⁠ (d), Prefectura Aichi, Japonia - d. 1 iunie 1616, Sunpu Castle ⁠ (d), Prefectura Shizuoka, Japonia) a fost primul shogun din shogunatul Tokugawa The Tokugawa Museum opened in 1997 as the museum of the foundation. Its collection consists of around thirty thousand family treasures and thirty thousand old documents. The centerpiece of the collection are relics of Tokugawa Ieyasu - Samurai King - who unified Japan in the beginning of 17th century and established Tokugawa shogunate which brought 250 years of stability to Japan One way and another, we know quite a lot about the Japanese of the Tokugawa period (1600-1868). Collections of laws, essays, memorials, diaries, and letters from all corners of the Japanese islands, together with the impressions of a small number of foreign observers, all supplemented by a wealth of paintings and prints, have made us familiar with much of their world Start studying Tokugawa Japan. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools

Tokugawa Ieyasu was granted by the Japanese emperor, the title of shogun in 1603; his family was to rule Japan until 1867. In 1605, his son, Tokugawa Hidetada, officially took the office of the shogun, but Ieyasu remained the ruler from behind the scenes until his death Tokugawa Japan spanned the years 1600-1868. Thus the Tokugawa era began at the same time European colonists came to what would later be the United States, and ended just after the American Civil War. For Japan, the Tokugawa era brought 250 years of peace and order, a long-term stability that fostered great changes in Japanese society, readying it for entering the modern era Tokugawa Ieyasu was born Matsudaira Takechiyo in 1542, son of the lord of the province of Mikawa. At the time of his birth, Japan was convulsed by civil war, with violent feuds between territorial. Tokugawa Shogunate. The dynastic military regency which ruled Japan in the name of the emperor between 1600 and 1868; the territory held by the regency. Upload media. Wikipedia. Instance of. shogunate, historical country. Named after. Tokugawa clan

A fine Japanese Shogun suit of armor, late Edo, 18/19th C#S012 Tokugawa Ieyasu s Gold Armor & Helmet | Samurai

Though the unit primarily concerns Japan, there are points where comparisons can be made to similar phenomena in the West. How far such comparative studies can be taken is left to the individual teacher. This unit is a image-based introduction to life in Japan during the late feudal period (1600-1868), known as either the Tokugawa or Edo Period When Tokugawa Ieyasu was bestowed the title of shogun he established the capital of Japan, Edo. He named his son, Hidetada, Shogun in order to continue the Shogunate under his family's name. Until his death however in 1616, Ieyasu continuously worked to run the government Japan is weak. The Tokugawa Bakufu has been unwilling or unable to stand up for itself against pressure from the Gaijin. Even more, the 250 year long Sakoku period left the Shogunate hopelessly outdated in terms of industrial and military development by the time it was forcefully ended by Russian warships Editor's Note: This article was originally written for Japan Society's previous site for educators, Journey through Japan, in 2003. The polity of the Tokugawa era was a multifaceted but comprehensive governmental organism. That organism is commonly called the bakuhan system, after its key constituents—the bakufu, a military term meaning general headquarters but used historically for. Tokugawa Shogunate of Japan. By Alex W, Sydney R, and ethan s. Art and Culture. Art was primarily created by the two lower classes, the merchants and artisans. Most art was related to ancient Chinese traditions and symbols

This careful and important study of the development of the varied types of education in the last two and a half centuries of feudalism in Japan under the Tokugawa dictatorship (1600-1868) is more than a history of premodern education. It is also an intellectual history and a history of the educational philosophy of the writers of that period Wigmore, John Henry, 1863-1943. ed. Law and justice in Tokugawa Japan: materials for the history of Japanese law and justice under the Tokugawa Shogunate 1603 1867. [Tokyo] : University of Tokyo Press, 1967- . v. (DS871 .W65 1967) Yamaguchi, Keiji, 1920- . 山口啓二. Sakoku to kaikoku. 鎖国と開国. Tokyo : Iwanami Shoten, 1993 Japan Before the Tokugawa. Imagine, for a minute, that you are the ruler of a small piece of land. Your family has ruled the land for generations, and while you technically report to a great. Play in Tokugawa Japan. L. Halliday Piel, Lasell College. Why I Taught the Source. At the beginning of a lecture on the daily life of townsmen in Edo (Tokyo), I first presented an image of Tokugawa-period (1600-1868) Japanese children

Tokugawa Ieyasu, Watch 徳川☆家康 eng sub, Tokugawa ☆ Ieyasu online ep 1, ep 2, ep 3, ep 4, watch 徳川☆家康 ep 5, ep 6, ep 7, ep 8, ep 9, ep 10, Tokugawa ☆ Ieyasu dub drama Cantonese, watch Tokugawa ☆ Ieyasu ep 11, ep 12, ep 13, ep 14, ep 15, Tokugawa ☆ Ieyasu drama ep 16, ep 17, ep 18, ep 19, ep 20, Tokugawa ☆ Ieyasu english subtitle, Tokugawa ☆ Ieyasu chinese subtitle. And do I switch to Japanese ideas or keep Tokugawa ones? I'm planning colonization of nearby islands and trade, eventual conquest of Philippines, Moluccas and Korea. Tokugawa has 10%INF combat ability, -15%AE, -10%DEV cost and 10%morale, 20%spy construction, stability -10%, discipline +5%, authonomy -05, tolerance +2 and unrest -1 Tokugawa Period (1603 - 1868) Historically considered the most stable and peaceful period in Japanese history, the Tokugawa Period—also known as the Edo Period, after the city in which the shōgun had his capital—began with Ieyasu's victory over Hideyoshi's forces at the Battle of Sekigahara, and the consolidation of political power around the. Från tidigt 1600-tal, antingen 1600 jämt baserat på slaget vid Sekigahara eller 1603 då Tokugawa Ieyasu utnämns till shogun, fram till 1868 när kejsare Meiji flyttar från Kyoto och ändrar Edos namn till Tokyo Tokugawa shogunate (generally) united population and standardized society and customs; separate islands-- separate cultures; semi-autonomous states under Daimyo; evolved to only slight cultural differences btw islands; virtually no foreigners; not as diverse (genetically) as other cultures at the time; Pride in hom

Tokugawa Ieyasu - Wikipedi

Tokugawa Ieyasu was born Matsudaira Takechiyo in 1542, son of the lord of the province of Mikawa. At the time of his birth, Japan was convulsed by civil war, with violent feuds between territorial.. Basically, the Tokugawa Shogunate put the Japanese people in a precarious position by attempting to enforce an incredibly strict social order as well as a period of selective isolationism. This precariousness led to the social classes being maintained in name; but not always in the practice; especially in the lower hierarchical social classes of Japan Japan Table of Contents. The Tokugawa did not eventually collapse simply because of intrinsic failures. Foreign intrusions helped to precipitate a complex political struggle between the bakufuand a coalition of its critics. The continuity of the anti-bakufumovement in the mid-nineteenth century would finally bring.

Rise of Merchants as a Class in Tokugawa-Bakufu: Sector

The Tokugawa social tower. Emperor: The head of the empire. There is only one. Shogun: Although the emperor was head of the empire, this supreme military leader had the higher power. Daimyos: These men were the military lords. They are subjects to the shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu - Japanese Ruler. Tokugawa Ieyasu was granted by the Japanese emperor, the title of shogun in 1603; his family was to rule Japan until 1867. In 1605, his son, Tokugawa Hidetada, officially took the office of the shogun, but Ieyasu remained the ruler from behind the scenes until his death. Reared in an atmosphere of unrelenting civil. Japan, in the 19th Century. For the last 200 years it was run by the Xenophobic Tokugawa Shogunate who isolated the nation after Christians caused so much trouble for the island nation. But by the 19th Century, economic decline, the rising popularity of Dutch learning (known asRangaku) and foreign nations closing in on Japan and demand the island nation to re-open it's doors to the west and. Tokugawa Ieyasu was the founder of the Tokugawa shogunate, which ruled over Japan from 1603 till 1868. He is remembered as one of the three great unifiers of Japan. Born to a minor daimyō, he spent the major part of his childhood and adolescence as a hostage, detained first by Oda Nobuhide and then by Imagawa Yoshimoto, being trained as a future ally by the latter

Yodo-dono - Wikipedia

This unit is a image-based introduction to life in Japan during the late feudal period (1600-1868), known as either the Tokugawa or Edo Period. The images focus on architecture and defense features of the castle, the rise of castle towns as nascent urban centers, and those who lived in the castle towns Tokugawa Shoguns ruled Japan. They were a Shogunate that transformed Japanese society. Before the time of the of the Tokugawa Shogunate reign the country wallowed in lawlessness and chaos during the Sengoku period. The 'three unifiers' brought this violence to an end. They worked to bring the warring daimyo back under central control

Yoshinobu Tokugawa (japansk: 徳川慶喜, født 28. oktober 1837 i Edo i Japan, død 22. november 1913 i Tokyo) var den sidste japanske shogun (1866-67). Han fratrådte i 1867 efter pres fra reformisterne, som arbejdede for at genindsætte kejseren, som reel leder af Japan og efterstræbede en række andre reformer Throughout the Shogunate of Japan during the Tokugawa time period (1603-1868), the people, resources, and industries were directly affected by the geography. The people called the four major islands of Japan as well as the thousands of minor island the inland making the rest of Asia the mainland

Nagasaki City at Nagasaki | Japan National TourismNikko Toshogu Shrine|Things To Do|Welcome! VISIT TOCHIGIWorld Beautifull Places: Nagoya Nice City Japan

Art was primarily created by the two lower classes, the merchants and artisans. Most art was related to ancient Chinese traditions and symbols. Art during this time period in the Shogunate of Japan was not one of the most popular ways to express a feeling or desire. Japan, in many peoples eyes around the world are famous for their unique culture. The Tokugawa shogunate, also known as the Tokugawa bakufu (徳川幕府), and the Edo bakufu (江戸幕府), was a feudal Japanese military government. The heads of government were the shoguns. Each was a member of the Tokugawa clan.. These years are known as the Edo period.The period takes its name from the city where the Tokugawa shoguns lived Tokugawa Ieyasu was Japan's most powerful general but nothing more until 1603, when he obtained the title of shogun—more formally, seii taishôgun, Barbarian-Conquering Generalissimo—which was the time-honored attribute of the military leader having greatest authority

愛知県名古屋市東区にある1935年に開設された歴史と由緒ある美術館です。徳川家康から御三家筆頭としての尾張徳川家初代 徳川義直が譲り受けた遺産を中核として、国宝「源氏物語絵巻」をはじめ、国宝9件、重要文化財59件、重要美術品46件、500振以上の刀剣など、代々受け継がれた大名道具1. Japan - Feudalism and Tokugawa 1. Japan Feudalism and Tokugawa 2. Rise of Feudalism <ul><li>Land became consolidated into Shoens - controlled by a few powerful families </li></ul> 3 C O N T E N T S: KEY TOPICS. Sakoku ( 鎖国, closed country) was the isolationist foreign policy of the Japanese Tokugawa shogunate under which relations and trade between Japan and other countries were severely limited, nearly all foreigners were barred from entering Japan and the common Japanese people were kept from leaving the country for a period of over 220 years

The Tokugawa clan had ruled Japan since 1600. How would the Japanese population regard the Tokugawa shogun when he was found to be powerless in resisting demands from Western imperialists?|In the 1850s, Japan was forced to sign treaties allowing Americans to live and work in the country, and the Russians, British and French soon gained similar rights Japan's isolation policy was fully implemented by Tokugawa Iemitsu, the grandson of Ievasu and shogun from 1623 to 1641. He issued edicts that essentially closed Japan to all foreigners and prevented Japanese from leaving Tokugawa Ieyasu (jap. 徳川家康, Tokugawa Ieyasu, [tokugawa iejasu], 1543-1616) oli Japanin shōgun vuosina 1603-1605, mutta käytännössä hänen valtakautensa jatkui kuolemaan 1616 asti.Hän perusti Tokugawa-shōgunaatin, joka hallitsi Japania vuoden 1868 Meiji-restauraatioon asti. Ieyasu vaihtoi elämänsä aikana nimeään useaan otteeseen, ja hänet tunnettiin myös nimillä.

  • Stångs Magasin Linköping.
  • Fiska i stor skala synonym.
  • Calculate radioactive activity.
  • GameStop near me.
  • Billigt kreatin.
  • Sivans öppettider.
  • C Dating app.
  • Iso 639 3.
  • Robin Patronus rarity.
  • Fritid spanska.
  • Iron Butterfly 2020.
  • Fazer Rågbröd kcal.
  • Isop vit.
  • Stena Line fakta om fartyg.
  • Vilka instrument används i jazz.
  • Klinger piston valves.
  • Lärare tjänstefel.
  • Fylla på olja automatlåda V70.
  • Britney Spears Midnight Fantasy Superdrug.
  • Nya djurskyddslagen 2019.
  • CO2 emissions per capita by country 2018.
  • Johan Falk säsonger.
  • Mark och miljödomstolen Kontakt.
  • MEGA Bike Kinderfahrrad.
  • Kommer ifrån synonym.
  • DS Clinic.
  • Formaldehyde REACH Annex XVII.
  • Brutus myskoxe.
  • Vad är en statistisk undersökning.
  • Vad är tremor.
  • WordPress Website für Kunden erstellen.
  • Ronnie O Sullivan family.
  • Filea fisk.
  • Kho Samed.
  • Video donde Santa les habla niños.
  • Passionsblomma droppar.
  • Sous vide oxfilé temperatur tid.
  • DAV Ulm Biathlon.
  • Brå källkritik.
  • Samsung themes free.
  • Parents synonym.